Portuguese Spelling Intiative Part 2

Summary of Major Changes
Brazilian Portuguese
An estimated 0.5% of the Brazilian Portuguese lexicon is affected by the spelling reform. The major changes are as follows:
1. Removal of accents that indicate pronunciation
2. Removal of hyphens in compound words
3. Standardization of hyphen use in prefixes
a. Hyphen is used when the second element starts with an “h”
b. Hyphen is not used when the prefix ends with a vowel and is followed by a different vowel or a consonant other than “r” or “s”

Iberian Portuguese (Portuguese for Portugal/European Portuguese)

There are significantly more changes for Iberian Portuguese, as the reform aligns the languages closer to the current Brazilian dialect. The major changes are as follows:
1. Addition of the letters k, w, and y to the Portuguese alphabet
2. Omission of all mute consonants
3. Standardization of the capitalization of months, seasons, and orientation which are to be lower-case when written within a sentence
4. Removal of accents that indicate pronunciation
5. Removal of accents used solely to distinguish between different words that would otherwise be spelt the same
6. Removal of hyphens in compound words
7. Standardization of hyphen use in prefixes
a. Hyphen is used when the second element starts with an “h”
b. Hyphen is not used when the prefix ends with a vowel and is followed by a different vowel or a consonant other than “r” or “s”

Resources
For a more detailed look at the changes implemented by the reform, please reference the following resources:
1. Microsoft Portuguese (Brazil) Style Guide section “Spelling Reform” page 32 (in English)
2. Microsoft European Portuguese Style Guide section “Portuguese Spelling Reform” page 19 (in English)
3. Portal da Língua Portuguesa (full list of reform changes; in Portuguese)

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